Yoga And The Three Doshas

Asana is a body position, typically associated with the practice of Yoga.

These positions are identified as a mastery of sitting still with the spine as a central focus. In the context of Yoga practice, asana refers to two things: the place where a practitioner, yogi (male), or yogini (female) sits and the manner (posture) in which he/she sits.

In the Yoga sutras, depending on your body type, some asanas are more suitable and others are less suitable. In general, following are some recommendations for the 3 main body types:

The three humors are responsible for the functioning of the human organism according to the Ayurveda. When the three doshas Vata, Pitta and Kapha reside undisturbed in their proper organs and tissues, the organism is supported by them and is in balance. When disturbed, they cause disease and deterioration of the body.

Of all of them, Vata (Wind) is the key. Pitta and Kapha cannot move from their centers unless the air within the body carries them.

Through birth and prolonged specific behaviour, one dosha may dominant, or a combination of two doshas can be dominant. Some people have all 3 doshas in relative balance. An ayurvedic doctor can establish your dominant body type. To give a very general idea, one might say that Vata dominated people are relatively thin, Pitta dominated people are relatively athletic and Kappha dominated people are relatively rounded.

 Vata (Wind)  Air and Akasha  Prana Vata  Chest region
 Udana Vata  Thoracic and throat region
 Samana Vata  Hearth and navel region
 Vyana Vata  Hearth and circulatory vessels
 Apana Vata  Pelvic region
 Pitta (Bile)  Fire and Water  Pachaka Pitta  Liver and pancreas
 Ranjaka Pitta  Liver and spleen
 Sadhaka Pitta  Hearth
 Alochaka Pitta  Eyes
 Bhrajaka Pitta  Skin
 Kapha (Mucus)   Water and Earth  Kledaka Kapha  Stomach
 Avalambaka Kapha  Hearth, chest and lower back regions
 Bodhaka Kapha  Mouth, Tongue and throat
 Tarpaka Kapha  Head (cerebrospinal fluid)
 Sleshaka Kapha  Joints


Vata dosha dominated people: 
These people should start their asana practice slowly and never do any exhausting or very heating practice. They can sweat a little, but not too much. They should take little sips of water in between and take a moderate amount of water before and after practice. They should be especially careful to avoid injury and must be properly warmed up and stretched before trying anything difficult. Postures that work on the spine and the belly are especially important. The asana practice should involved pranayama and some meditation so that they get out of their heads and into their body, which is relatively difficult for them.

Pitta dosha dominated people: 
These people should avoid any practice that heats them up a lot and should drink a lot of water before, after and during the practice, but not too much that it disturbs the practice. Putting a little water on the top of the head before starting is recommended. Since by nature they tend to be overly ambitious, they should avoid being too enthusiastic or go too fast. They should not try any asana which they have not been properly trained. Emphasis should be on balancing solar and lunar currents and in relaxing the liver area and the diaphragm.

Kappha dosha dominated people: 
Kappha people should do asana in a way that requires a lot of effort and makes them sweat a lot. In case of overweight people, the practice should start slowly while sitting in a warm enviorment until they are heated up. However, kappha people should not be allowed to lie down and rest during the practice. They should put in a real effort and they should avoid drinking too much. Emphasis should be on the asanas that open up the chest area and promote digestion.

Come in to find out more. Let us be your guide to the practice of Dhyana/ConcentrationRaj YogaHata YogaAshtanga Yoga, andVinyasa Yoga. Come and feel the benefits of Meditation with soundmeditation with silence, and meditation with breath.

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